If your toilet will be used by tall individuals or those with movement disabilities, you’ll want a model that is easily accessible to all people. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) has set standards for all bathroom specifications, including toilet dimensions and installation requirements. These ADA criteria ensure easy accessibility of toilets to people who need additional support or assistance while sitting on or getting up from a toilet.
- What is ADA Compliant?
- Features of ADA Compliant Toilets
- Comparison Table
- ADA Compliant Toilet Reviews
- ADA Compliant Toilets More Accessible
- Additional ADA Compliant Bathroom Considerations
- Final Verdict
What is ADA Compliant?
You have likely heard of the term “ADA compliant” before. ADA stands for Americans with Disabilities Act, a law that was signed into effect in 1990. This act essentially ensures that people with disabilities are not discriminated against and have equal opportunities, from employment to benefits and accessible spaces. When it comes to bathroom accessories in particular, an ADA compliant toilet must meet specific construction and size requirements to qualify.
In this article, we’ll give more background about ADA compliant toilets in particular. We’ll also review some top recommendations for ADA compliant toilets.
If you are interested in the official full U.S. Access Board listing of requirements, click here.
Features of ADA Compliant Toilets
Below we list five main features of ADA complaint toilets.
★ Check the Height
The height of the toilet is a vital aspect for ADA compliance. To check the height, you will need a measuring tape when you go shopping for a new toilet.
Use the measuring tape to measure the toilet from the base of the floor to the top of the toilet seat. Make sure that the measurement with the toilet seat attached is between 17” to 19”.
Some toilets may include their height in the product description or specifications, if you’re shopping online. Regardless, after you install the toilet, measure again to confirm that the toilet height is right and complies with ADA criteria.
Read our blog post for tips to measuring your toilet.
★ Undercut Clearances
The Americans with Disabilities Act recommends choosing a toilet with an undercut, which provides enough toe clearance. An undercut bowl is a bowl that has space between the bottom of the bowl and the base of the toilet. Undercut bowls provide more space for users to rest their feet, which also improves the accessibility to the toilet.
The ADA suggests that there should be a gap of at least nine inches between a toilet and the floor, with a depth of at least 25″.
Read our full review of comfort height toilets.
★ Read the Label
Toilets can be labeled as either “chair height” or “comfort height.” Chair height and comfort height toilets have higher dimensions than regular toilets. However, sometimes these toilets don’t meet ADA’s toilet height specifications and have measurements of about 16.5,” falling short of the recommended minimum 17″.
★ Flush Control Height
The flushing system of an ADA compliant toilet should also meet ADA requirements, which means that a flush control should be no higher than 44” from the mounting surface. Additionally, it shouldn’t require more than 5 lbs. of force to activate the flush. Flushing also shouldn’t twist or strain your wrists.
Toilets that have flush valve controls to activate the flush usually meet the ADA’s flush requirements. However, button-activated flush toilets often require more than 5 lbs. of power to use, meaning they don’t meet ADA criteria.
★ Right Location
Before installing a toilet, you need to consider the walls of the bathroom and any potential barriers. If you have limited space in the bathroom, make sure that you install the toilet in such a way that it’s flush lever is easily accessible. If the right side of the toilet is against a wall or a barrier, the flush valve must be on the left side, and vice versa. Essentially, the flush valve should be on the open side of the toilet so that users can easily access it.
ADA Compliant Toilet Reviews
Now that you know what ADA compliant means and how to recognize an ADA compliant toilet, you can start looking for an ideal one for you. Still, it can sometimes be a bit difficult to find the best models. Therefore, we picked out 5 top toilets to review today. These toilets are made out of high-quality materials and offer a bunch of useful features.
1. TOTO CST744SL#01 Drake
This model is one of the most popular toilets in general. The TOTO Drake offers all the standard ADA features along with the powerful G-Max flushing system. This system provides very powerful flushes while consuming only 1.6 gallons-per-flush. Furthermore, it has a very large siphon jet and a 3-inch wide flush valve to efficiently remove all waste with every flush.
This model is also both sturdy and comfortable. Made from vitreous china, you can trust in the construction of the TOTO Drake. The bowl itself is elongated, which offers extra comfort for the user. Overall, the minimalistic and sleek design of this model allows this toilet to easily blend in any bathroom style.
Take a look at several TOTO Drake model reviews.
2. Signature Hardware Stalnaker
Another great example of a high-quality ADA compliant toilet is the Signature Hardware Stalnaker 413955. This model is available in white, has a bowl height of 18.25 inches, and weighs about 92 pounds. It is made of porcelain and is thus quite durable. Furthermore, the porcelain material is very easy to clean and maintain.
Similar to the TOTO Drake model reviewed before, this toilet has an elongated shaped bowl that provides maximum comfort. The classic design of the Signature Hardware Stalnaker will complement any bathroom decor. Finally, the flushing system of this toilet is also very powerful. It will easily get rid of all the waste in one flush, consuming only 1.6 gallons per flush as well.
3. TOTO MS854114EL#01 Eco Ultramax
If you’re looking for a high-quality, good-looking toilet that is also very powerful and water-efficient, the TOTO Eco Ultramax is the perfect choice for you. This model is available in 3 different colors – Sedona beige, colonial white, and bone. Still, keep in mind that different colors come at different prices. Furthermore, one of our favorite details is that the powerful E-Max flushing system generates highly efficient flushes while consuming only 1.28 gallons per flush. The Eco Ultramax qualifies for EPA WaterSense certification without compromising on flush performance.
Another great advantage of this toilet is the one-piece construction. Although it may not be very space-efficient, the maintenance and cleaning process will be a piece of cake.
4. DeerValley DV-1F52828
The DeerValley DV-1F52828 is an extremely powerful ADA compliant toilet. It features a Tornado flushing system that easily removes all the waste in only one flush. Aside from that, it is also highly water-efficient as it consumes only 1.28 gallons per flush. This fully glazed flushing system is also super quiet.
This toilet also has a one-piece construction that makes maintenance easy, particularly when paired with the sleek skirted design. Finally, the elongated bowl shape makes the toilet a lot more comfortable, with the toilet seat made out of durable plastic.
5. Signature Hardware 948414-12-L Bradenton
The Bradenton toilet is well-known for being extremely durable due to its high-quality porcelain material. This model is also a one-piece toilet, which makes it easy to clean and maintain. Furthermore, the Bradenton toilet is also very water-efficient, consuming only 1.28 gallons per flush.
With a universal seat height and an elongated bowl, the Bradenton provides maximum comfort. Another great advantage is that this model comes along with a soft-close seat, a great feature that prevents the toilet seat from slamming when closed. Finally, the toilet itself is very sleek and modern with the concealed trapway, offering a great look at an affordable price.
ADA Compliant Toilets More Accessible
When a toilet is ADA compliant, it means that it is more easily accessible for anybody. People with movement disabilities in particular often look for ADA compliant toilets because the toilet itself is taller than traditional ones. For example, in most cases traditional toilets have a seat height of 15 inches, while ADA compliant ones are always at least 17 inches tall. Because of the added height, these toilets are way more comfortable and easier to sit on, especially for people recovering from surgery or injury.
Beyond the benefit of an ADA compliant toilet, another way to ensure your toilet is easily accessible to everybody is by installing grab bars. Some toilets come with pre-installed grab bars, while for other models you may need to purchase grab bars separately. However, as grab bars take up additional space, you’ll want to make sure they will fit in your bathroom before purchasing.
If you would like to include grab bars in your bathroom, there are a few other factors to consider. To start, keep in mind that different grab bars come in different sizes, and thus, it can be a bit difficult to determine how much space you are going to need. Make sure that the sidewall, where you are planning to install a grab bar, is more than 42 inches long. The sidewall grab bar shouldn’t be more than 12 inches away from the rear wall behind your toilet. The rear grab bar, on the other hand, shouldn’t be less than 36 inches long. Ultimately, make sure to take accurate measurements of your bathroom space and compare those with the specific grab bars you have in mind before finalizing your purchase.
In order for a toilet to be ADA compliant, it needs to be at least 17 inches away from the floor (measuring from the top of the seat to the floor). Side grab bars, as we mentioned before, should be at least 42 inches long, and the rear grab bar must be at least 36 inches long. The sidebars must extend at least 1.5 inches from the wall and must have a gripping surface of at least 1.25 inches. They must also be able to withstand the pressure of at least 250 pounds. Ultimately, when you purchase a product that’s confirmed ADA compliant, you can trust that it meets all of these criteria.
Additional ADA Compliant Bathroom Considerations
There are several other aspects to consider when outfitting a full ADA compliant bathroom:
In ADA compliant bathrooms, the distance between the toilet and the centerline of the wall must be between 16″ and 18″. The flush lever should also be on the open side of the toilet, as mentioned above. If you currently have a two-piece toilet, you may be able to replace just the tank instead of the full unit to achieve ADA compliance.
One of the things people usually overlook when buying pieces for an ADA compliant bathroom is the height of the mirror. In a casual bathroom, a mirror would be around 40 inches above the floor. However, that height is not suitable for everyone. When building an ADA compliant bathroom, the mirror should start between 10 and 18 inches from the floor.
In most bathrooms, sinks are too high to be used by everyone. When building an ADA compliant bathroom, you should install the sink at no higher than 34 inches from the floor.
Buying an ADA compliant toilet is a great way to ensure your bathroom is accessible to everybody. Still, as you can see there are multiple factors that come into play when choosing the ideal one for you. If you are looking for a highly reliable toilet that offers a classy look and a powerful flushing system, the TOTO Drake is a great choice. On the other hand, if you are looking for something more water-efficient and easier to maintain, both the DeerValley and Bradenton are great options. Either way, you can’t go wrong by picking one of these high-quality ADA compliant toilets to improve your bathroom space.