Vault toilets are much different from standard flush toilets. These toilets are non-flush, use no water, and store all the waste in a large airtight vault. Vault toilets are most commonly installed in recreational areas, parks, campgrounds, and other places where water is not accessible. A huge upside to vault – or camping – toilets is the reduction in water consumption. Not only that, but with these toilets, environmental pollution is reduced as well.
How a Vault Toilet Works:
Although they might sound complicated, these toilets are quite simple to use and understand. The toilet has an external vault underground. These vaults can usually store up to a thousand gallons of waste. What’s more, there are vaults capable of storing as much as 12,000 gallons of waste. Still, the capacity of a vault depends on the intended use and design. Once the vault is full, the municipal council will pump out all the waste. The vaults don’t have to be pumped too often. In most cases, twice a month will suffice.
Advantages Of Vault Toilets
- Privacy – These toilets are self-contained and always come in single units. Therefore, only one person can use it at a time. This ensures great privacy.
- Convenience – This type of toilet is always in-demand. In most recreational centers and parks there are vault toilets available.
- Portability – Most of the time these toilets are made out of plastic. Thus, they are portable and can be transported to a different location. This feature can really come in handy at various events.
- Cost-effective – As they don’t require water, there is no flushing. That is why you won’t have to install running water if there is no water supply. This makes them quite economical as well.
Disadvantages Of Vault Toilets
- Heat – Sun rays might not be constantly available if the toilet is located in a crowded area or an area with a lot of trees. As it requires heat to force the odor out, the lack of it could increase the amount of odor.
- Movement – Although plastic vault models are very movable, the ones that are not made out of plastic are impossible to move around without necessary equipment.
- Sanitation – As these toilets don’t use water, they require constant maintaining and cleaning.
How To Properly Maintain A Vault Toilet
As these toilets are waterless they are prone to developing bacteria and other disease-causing organisms. Therefore, if they are not being emptied and sanitized regularly, they become an ideal territory for microbes to multiply. To ensure a vault toilet is clean and bacteria-free, they must be emptied periodically and disinfected with septic treatment products.
Due to their design, vault toilets are considered to be economically advantageous. As most of them are ADA-compliant, they are considered safe for use by everyone. Furthermore, they are quite easy to maintain, extremely durable, and cost-effective.